Greenhouse gas emissions

In 2012, the Group decided to apply the standard ISO 14064-1, to quantify and voluntarily report greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, to demonstrate that it deals with environmental subjects in general, and those concerning climate change specifically, with a serious, transparent approach, and to increase its credibility.

Total greenhouse gas emissions (tonnes of CO2e)

  • Distribution of greenhouse gas emissionsIn 2012 total GHG emissions, comprised of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4), amounted to 85,082 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) (-5.4% compared to 2011), obtained by converting the quantities of N2O and CH4 emitted using suitable ratios. This equal approximately 1.9 tonnes of CO2e per employee.
  • GHG emissions derive from consumption of electricity, thermal energy (natural gas, diesel oil and district heating), and energy from corporate mobility, where corporate mobility refers to mileage travelled by car, train or aeroplane by employees on duty.



Greenhouse gas emissions by scope (tonnes of CO2e)
Italy 3,400 3,291 16,132 14,503 -8.9% -8.0% 10,981 10,427
Austria 2,248 2,161 1,870 1,839 -2.9% -8.8% 709 737
France 5,110 5,475 3,356 3,559 6.7% 3.0% 761 658
Germany 5,214 5,530 25,842 23,940 -5.1% -17.1% 6,101 5,196
Spain 178 180 3,452 3,249 -5.5% -22.7% 1,106 953
Switzerland 1,517 1,225 791 787 -12.9% -27.2% 1,172 1,371
TOTAL 17,666 17,862 51,444 47,877 -4.9% -12.8% 20,829 19,343

(*) direct emissions, produced by heating fuels and the corporate fleet.

(**) indirect emissions, from energy consumption, associated with the use of electricity and district heating.

(***)other indirect emissions, different from energy consumption, concerning work-related travel of employeesi.


The objective of reducing GHG emissions by 10% in the three-year period 2010-2012, with reference to the total of direct emissions deriving from burning fossil fuels and from the corporate fleet (Scope1) and indirect emissions deriving from electricity consumption and district heating (Scope2), was achieved in full (-12.8%), as a result of various initiatives to limit energy consumption, and thus, emissions deriving from heating/air conditioning and lighting.

Scope1 – Scope1 emissions have increased by 1.1% overall. The two components showed opposing trends, with direct emissions produced by natural gas and diesel oil heating systems, estimated at 5,464 tonnes of CO2e, decreasing by 3.1% compared to 2011 and those produced by the corporate fleet, estimated at 12,397 tonnes of CO2e, increasing by 3.1%.

Scope2 – Scope2 emissions have decreased. Both components contributed to this decrease: emissions due to the consumption of electricity purchased by Group companies in 2012, estimated at 42,388 tonnes of CO2e, decreased by 7.3% compared to 2011 and those due to the consumption of energy from district heating, estimated at 5,488 tonnes of CO2e, decreased by 4.4%. The low emissions from district heating are due to the fact that in Austria these are already offset by the supplier.

Scope3 – Among indirect emissions other than energy consumption, emissions connected with the work duties of employees were estimated at a total of 19,343 tonnes of CO2e (-7.1% compared to 2011), including 11,227 tonnes of CO2e related to car journeys, 7,458 tonnes of CO2e related to air travel and 658 tonnes of CO2e related to train journeys. The low emissions for train travel are mainly the result of the choice made by Germany, as mentioned, to make train travel carbon neutral.

The emissions have been estimated using the principles of the ISO 14064-1 standard and the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol guidelines, from the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and the World Resources Institute (WRI), and using the emission factors in the calculation tools. A distance-based methodology approach has been adopted for calculating emissions relating to corporate mobility.

As stated, for 2012, as in 2011, the Scope1 and Scope2 emissions have been certified by an external certification body.

To reduce GHG emissions, all sites have a monitoring system which also checks the correct operation of the systems. In compliance with the regulations in force, the system includes regular checks both by outside firms and by Group technicians, as well as all other measures necessary for ensuring the efficiency of the systems and preventing the release of harmful emissions into the atmosphere.

Moreover, in all countries under the System, the process for eliminating refrigerant gases (R22) from all air conditioning systems is in progress. This process has already been completed by the companies in France.

Initiatives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in 2012
Austria, Germany
Agreements have been entered into by Generali and Postal Service in Austria and
by Generali and Deutsche Post/DHL in Germany, for the offsetting of CO2 emissions
relating to each packaged shipped, by purchasing certificates that use environmental
initiatives to neutralise these emissions.